Heraklion is the largest city in Crete and is the capital of Crete.
It is also knownas Iraklio, and for centuries was known as Candia.
The most popular place to visit in Heraklion are the ruins of Knossos, which was the biggest centre of population on Crete during Minoan times. This was the palace of King Minos, and is believed to be the starting point for the mythological Minotaur’s labyrinth. There are speculations that a port has existed in Knossos since 2000 BC, although no archaeological evidence has been found to support the speculation.
Heraklion also has are interesting museums as well as markets, shopping and beaches.
The current city of Heraklion was founded by the Saracens in 824 AD.
The climate is typically Mediterranean, with warm, dry summers in the lowlands, and cooler, more rainy days in the mountains. Frost and snow are very rare.
The Heraklion International Airport was named after Nikos Kazantzakis, who was a Greek writer and philosopher. This is the second busiest airport in Greece, and is located just 5km east of Heraklion.
The port is well served by ferries to Pireus and to other islands